Hostile Architecture

Dec 17, 2022 • Wikireadia

Hostile architecture is an urban-design strategy that uses elements of the built environment to purposefully guide or restrict behavior. It often targets people who use or rely on public space more than others, such as youth, poor people, and homeless people, by restricting the physical behaviors they can engage in. Also known as defensive architecture, hostile design, unpleasant design, exclusionary design, and defensive urban design, the term hostile architecture is often associated with items like “anti-homeless spikes.”

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Wikipedia contributors. December 5, 2022. Hostile architecture. (n.d.). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 13, 2022, from

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Spiked Ledge Boston
Paydah, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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